Community Profile

Caroline County Comprehensive Plan

Visit the Towns of Caroline County!

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According to recent population estimates the current population for the county is 29,727 (July 1, 2014). The county's two incorporated towns of Bowling Green and Port Royal have populations of 766 and 204 respectively.
Caroline is located within 30 miles of the Richmond metro area. The County occupies 549 square miles, 77,000 acres of which belong to the Ft. A.P. Hill military reservation.
261,700 acres of this area are commercial forest land, 51,605 acres farm land.
Caroline County enjoys a relatively moderate climate:
  • The average annual:
    • Temp: 56.1F
    • Rainfall: 41.7"
    • Snowfall: 17.5"
  • Average temp. per season:
    • Spring: 55.5F
    • Summer: 74.8F
    • Fall: 57.9F
    • Winter: 36.3F

    The prevailing winds are from the southwest.

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    Caroline County is serviced by the Fredericksburg Regional Transit, (FRED) public transportation system. For schedules and information, please click here.

    Caroline County has one financial institution with atotal asset of approximately 578 million: Union First Market Bank. The Caroline County Industrial Development Authority is authorized to issue tax-exempt revenue bonds. Caroline County is served by an SBA 504 Certified Development Company to assist small business in fixed asset financing.


    Excellent opportunities to buy and rent individual houses and apartments are available in Caroline County. Low cost of living and affordable housing make Caroline County an ideal place to live and work. Housing choices range from developments such as Lake Caroline and Lake Land'or to condominiums, townhomes and delightful farm homes. With substantial realtors located within the county, assistance is available in the Verizon phone directory and a local real-estate directory.


    Major hospitals located in the area include Mary Washington Hospital and Spotsylvania Regional Medical Center located in Fredericksburg, Henrico Doctors Hospital, Medical College of Virginia, and Bon Secours (multiple locations) in the Richmond Area . Additional facilities and emergency services are located in Richmond and Fredericksburg.

    Local medical facilities include Ladysmith Medical Center, Virginia Primary Care Associates, Pratt Pediatrics (Caroline Campus), Caroline Christian Health Center and the Caroline County Health Department.

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    Several including Bowling Green Motel, Comfort Inn,, Travel Lodge, Days Inn, Super 8, Quality Inn and Webb's Motel. For more information please go to Caroline's Food & Lodging Guide.


    The County has an extensive recreation and parks program.  Local service organizations sponsor seasonal recreational activities for the public, including softball leagues, karate, ballet, and special events for both children and adults.  There are 10 ball fields, four tennis courts, numerous private swimming pools and three public golf courses that also have private membership.  Fort A.P. Hill, a designated cooperative wildlife management area, provides excellent hunting and fishing opportunities.

      The Stonewall Jackson Shrine, a 40 acre historic site is operated by the National Park Service.  The nearby cities of Fredericksburg, Richmond and Washington, D.C. are easily accessible and provide a wide variety of cultural, social and athletic events.

    The Rappahannock and Mattaponi Rivers are used extensively for boating and fishing.  The Rappahanock River follows Caroline's easter border,providing opportunities for boating, fishing, wildlife watching and water sports.  Visitors can rent a canoe, kayak or jon boat in Port Royal.
    Paramount's King's Dominion, located just 20 miles south of the county, is a large amusement park offering several different activities daily throughout the season including, one of a kind attractions and stunning shows with Hollywood glamour.  A waterpark is also available for enjoyment during the summer months.


    • County Brochures:

    • "Play Caroline" - Golf Courses as well as other things to do in Caroline County.

      "Opportunity" - Provides A view of Caroline County (Climate, Demographics, Labor Statistics, Education, Media, Tax Rates, etc.)

      To receive copies of any of the above brochures, stop by the Economic Development Office at 23724 Rogers Clark Boulevard, Ruther Glen, VA 22546 or email Cassie Ruby.

    • Radio and Television:

      Radio reception from stations in Richmond, Fredericksburg, Washington, D.C. and Tappahannock. Television reception from stations in Richmond and Washington, D.C. The county is served by cable television.

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    • Telephone: Local telephone service is provided by Verizon
    • Parcel Service - The United Parcel Service is available in Bowling Green and Ladysmith, and Federal Express is available in Bowling Green and the Carmel Church area.
    • Internet Access - There are several local Internet Providers in Caroline County providing unlimited usage.


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    The county is served by a Sheriff's Department with 32 full-time sworn-in personnel. There are 17 state police officers assigned to the county. The Town of Bowling Green supports its own police department and maintains an excellent working relationship with the County Sheriff's Office and State Police. A full-time professional heads the county's Fire and Rescue operations and coordinates 6 Fire Departments and 2 Rescue Squads with approximately 200+ volunteers.

      LOCAL TAXES - 2014 Tax Year Real Estate

    • Caroline County:Nominal Tax Rate/$100-$.83; Assessment Ratio-100%
    • Town of Bowling Green:Nominal Tax Rate/$100-$.l7; Assessment Ratio-100%
    • Town of Port Royal: No separate tax imposed

    Personal Property/Automobile and Trucks

    • Caroline County: Nominal Tax Rate/$100-$3.80; Assessment Ratio-100%
    • Town of Bowling Green: Nominal Tax Rate/$100-$1.20; Assessment Ratio-40%
    • Town of Port Royal: No separate tax imposed

    Sales and Use Tax
    • Caroline County: 1%
    • State of Virginia: 4.3%

    In Virginia, counties and cities are separate entities. A manufacturing company pays either county or city taxes, depending upon it's location. However, if a manufacturing company is within the corporate limits of a town, it is subject to both town and county levies.

    Post Offices/Zip Codes

    • Bowling Green 22427, 633-5651
    • Corbin 22446, (540) 373-1513
    • Hanover 23069, (540) 537-5365
    • Ladysmith 22501, 448-3316
    • Milford 22514, 633-5413
    • Port Royal 22535, 742-5759
    • Rappahannock Academy 22538, 742-5604
    • Ruther Glen 22546, 448-3900
    • Sparta 22552, 633-9742
    • Woodford 22580, 633-6923

Visit Port RoyalVisit Bowling Green

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