The Commonwealth's Attorney is the highest law enforcement official in the County and supervises a staff which includes assistant commonwealth's attorneys and administrative professionals.
The Commonwealth's Attorney is an independent, locally elected, State Constitutionally defined, official who is responsible for prosecuting criminal violations occurring in Caroline County. Cases are prosecuted for violation of State and County Codes in the Circuit, General District and Juvenile and Domestic Relations Courts and appeals may also be carried to the Virginia Court of Appeals and The Supreme Court of Virginia. Other specific duties are assigned in the Code of Virginia, such as enforcing provisions of the State and Local Government Conflict of Interests Act. In the course of his/her duties, the Commonwealth's Attorney consults with and provides legal advice to law enforcement agencies and officers. The office of the Commonwealth's Attorney is separate and distinct from that of the County Attorney who is an appointed legal adviser to and representative of the Board of Supervisors.